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Fashion Glossary

Get to know the proper terminology for the fashion you love so much. Whether you're a seasoned fashion enthusiast, an aspiring designer, or simply someone who loves to dress well, this glossary is designed to enrich your understanding of fashion terms, trends, and techniques.

Fashion is an ever-evolving art form that not only reflects personal style but also cultural trends and historical periods. With the myriad of terms used in the industry, from garment types and fabric names to style movements and sewing techniques, it can be overwhelming to keep up. That's where our Fashion Glossary comes in.

This guide is carefully curated to provide you with clear, concise definitions and explanations of key fashion terms. Each entry is designed to enhance your fashion literacy, enabling you to speak about and engage with fashion more knowledgeably. Whether you're reading a fashion magazine, shopping for new clothes, or discussing the latest trends, our glossary will ensure you're well-equipped with the correct terminology.

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Accessories encompass supplementary items like jewelry, hats, bags, and scarves that enhance and complete an outfit. These pieces can elevate personal style, provide functionality, and are essential in high-end women's fashion for adding a touch of sophistication and elegance.


Activewear is clothing designed specifically for physical activities and sports. It includes items such as yoga pants, sports bras, and athletic shorts, made from performance-oriented fabrics that offer flexibility, moisture-wicking, and comfort during exercise.


Acrylic is a synthetic fiber known for its wool-like feel, offering warmth and softness without the weight. It is commonly used in sweaters, scarves, and other knitwear, appreciated for its durability and ease of care, making it a practical choice in fashion.


An A-line refers to a silhouette in clothing that resembles the letter 'A'. Characterized by a fitted top and torso that flares out towards the hem, this style is universally flattering, creating a clean, streamlined look. A-Line skirts and dresses are staples in high-end women's wardrobes for their elegance and ease of wear.


An anorak is a type of waterproof jacket, typically with a hood, designed for protection against rain and wind. Its practical design and durable materials make it a favorite for outdoor activities and casual wear.


Androgynous fashion blurs the lines between traditionally male and female styles, incorporating elements from both to create outfits that challenge gender norms and offer a modern, inclusive approach to personal expression.


Appliqué involves sewing pieces of fabric onto a larger base fabric to create decorative patterns or designs, adding dimension and artistic detail to garments, often seen in luxury fashion and couture.


Apparel encompasses all items of clothing, from everyday wear to special occasion outfits. It includes a wide range of garments designed to suit different styles, purposes, and environments, forming the basis of personal wardrobes.


Athleisure is a fashion trend characterized by clothing designed for workouts and athletic activities that are also suitable for everyday wear. High-end athleisure combines functionality with luxury, using premium materials and sophisticated designs to blur the lines between activewear and casual fashion.


Argyle is a distinctive pattern that originates from the tartan of a Scottish clan, featuring interlocking diamonds or lozenges with overlaying diagonal lines. Commonly found in knitwear and woven fabrics, the argyle pattern uses a variety of colors set against a solid backdrop to provide a classic and sophisticated visual appeal, making it a favorite in high-end fashion for its preppy and timeless elegance.


Armscye refers to the armhole in a garment, which is the shaped opening where the sleeve is attached to the body of the piece. This critical design element is carefully contoured to ensure a comfortable and flattering fit around the wearer's shoulder and arm, playing a pivotal role in the garment's overall structure and wearability.

Ascot Collar

Ascot Collar is a distinguished high, stand-up collar with the ends folded over, typically accompanied by a cravat for a touch of sophistication. This collar style exudes a sense of traditional elegance and formality, often found in classic menswear and high-end fashion pieces that draw inspiration from historical attire.


Asymmetric designs in fashion bring a dynamic and visually interesting element to garments by varying the length or shape from one side to the other. This innovative approach can transform necklines, collars, and hemlines, introducing a contemporary and artistic twist to conventional fashion pieces, appealing to the high-end shopper looking for uniqueness in her wardrobe.

Aviator Jacket

Aviator Jacket is a leather jacket design inspired by the attire of World War I and II pilots, notable for its cozy sheepskin collar and robust construction. Designed with warmth and durability in mind, the aviator jacket has transcended its military origins to become a timeless piece in luxury outerwear, offering both style and practicality for the discerning fashion enthusiast.



Baby Doll

Baby doll dresses are characterized by their short length, high waistline situated just under the bust, and a loose-fitting skirt. Originating from the 1950s, this style evokes a youthful and playful aesthetic, often crafted from lightweight, flowing fabrics.


A balaclava is a close-fitting garment covering the whole head and neck except for parts of the face, typically made from wool or other warm materials. It's used for protection against cold weather and wind.


A bandeau is a simple, strapless band of cloth worn around the bust, serving as a minimalist top or undergarment. It's often made from stretchable fabrics for a snug fit.


Banding involves the process of attaching a strip of fabric to the edge of a garment or fabric piece, such as hems, cuffs, or necklines, for finishing, decoration, or reinforcement.

Bar Fagoting

Bar fagoting is an embroidery technique that creates an open, lattice-like structure between two pieces of fabric, often used as a decorative element in high-end garments.

Bar Jacket

A bar jacket is an iconic style introduced by Christian Dior in his 1947 "New Look" collection, characterized by its nipped waist and voluminous hip silhouette, signifying a revolutionary shift in post-war fashion.


Basque refers to an extension of the bodice or jacket that elongates past the waistline, providing a distinctive silhouette. Unlike the outward flare of a peplum, basques can vary in length, offer a fitted or relaxed fit, and may wrap around the entire waist or focus on specific sections such as the front or back, making it a crucial element in the structure of high-end garments.


Basting is a preparatory sewing technique that employs long, loose stitches to temporarily join fabric layers together. This method, akin to tacking, is pivotal in maintaining the alignment of materials without resorting to pins, facilitating a smoother and more refined process in fitting and shaping garments, especially in the realm of luxurious dressmaking.


Batik is a revered Indonesian fabric decoration technique that involves applying wax to fabric sections to prevent dye absorption. This method, allowing for the dyeing of unwaxed areas, can be repeated to achieve complex, multicolored designs, making batik a celebrated tradition in Indonesian culture and a cherished art form in high-end fashion for its intricate patterns and craftsmanship.


Batwing sleeves are defined by their snug fit at the wrist and dramatic expansion under the arm, creating a voluminous silhouette akin to a bat's wing or a cape. This design, originating from late 1800s outerwear with cape-like sleeves, offers a dramatic and stylish flair to modern high-end fashion pieces.

Bell Sleeve

Bell sleeves are known for their flared shape from the elbow or upper arm onwards, mirroring the form of a bell. This design adds an element of drama and elegance to a garment's silhouette, favored in upscale fashion for its sophisticated and timeless appeal.

Bellow Pocket

Bellow pockets are spacious, extendable pockets integrated into the design of jackets, pants, and skirts, marrying functionality with a hint of safari-chic aesthetics. These pockets are prized in high-end fashion for their practicality and stylish nod to adventure and exploration.

Bermuda Shorts

Bermuda shorts, also known as walking shorts or dress shorts, are distinguished by their knee-length design, suitable for semi-casual wear. Originating from Bermuda to accommodate the tropical climate for business and military attire, they have become a versatile staple in luxury wardrobes for their elegance and comfort.

Bertha Collar

Bertha collar is a broad, flat collar that elegantly cascades from the neckline over the shoulders, often found on formal or vintage-inspired garments. This collar style is a statement of sophistication and grace in luxury fashion, echoing historical elegance.

Bias Cut

The bias cut utilizes the diagonal grain of fabric, which naturally has more stretch than the warp or weft directions. This technique, mastered by designers like Madeline Vionnet in the early 20th century, leverages the fabric's stretch for a closer fit or graceful draping.

Bias Tape

Bias tape is a narrow strip of fabric, cut on the bias, used to bind edges or seams in garment making. In high-end fashion, bias tape is often made from luxurious fabrics to add a refined finish to the inside and edges of garments.

Bishop Sleeve

The bishop sleeve is a design that starts with minimal fullness at the armhole, gradually expands towards the wrist, and gathers into a snug cuff. Some variations allow the sleeve to drape past the wrist, creating a flowing effect.


Blazer is a versatile, tailored jacket with distinct lapels, suitable for a range of occasions from formal to casual. Blazers are foundational in high-end wardrobes for their ability to elevate any ensemble with a touch of sophistication and polished elegance.


Blouse is a term for a woman's shirt that comes in an array of styles, from the simplistic and casual to the ornate and formal. Blouses are essential in luxury fashion for their versatility and ability to complement various high-end looks with femininity and style.


"Body" in fashion can refer to garments that closely fit the body's contours, like bodysuits, or to jewelry designed for various body parts. In fabric terms, "body" describes a material's blend of flexibility, solidity, and compactness.


Boho, short for Bohemian, is a fashion style inspired by the carefree, artistic lifestyle of the 1960s and 1970s bohemians. It embraces a mix of ethnic, vintage, and hippie influences, featuring flowing fabrics, intricate patterns, and layers of texture. Boho chic often includes elements such as fringes, embroidery, and natural materials, appealing to those who favor a relaxed, unconventional look with a touch of luxury.

Boiled Wool

Boiled wool is a luxuriously dense fabric with a felt-like texture, achieved through a traditional process known as fulling. This involves the careful agitation of woven wool with heat and moisture, resulting in a compacted fiber structure that offers both warmth and a refined appearance, ideal for high-end outerwear.


A bolero is a short jacket that ends just above the waist, with a hallmark collarless design and often long sleeves. Rooted in Spanish influence and associated with dance and traditional toreador attire, the bolero jacket is a distinctive piece in high-end fashion for its ability to add a dramatic flair to evening wear.


Bootleg jeans or trousers are cut to taper at the knee and widen slightly towards the ankle. This style is embraced in luxury fashion for its flattering silhouette, offering versatility and elegance in both casual and formal settings.


Boucle is a richly textured fabric notable for its looped or curled yarns, offering a tactile and visually engaging experience. Boucle is synonymous with the iconic designs of Chanel, cementing its status as a timeless and luxurious fabric choice in high-end fashion.

Box Jacket

A box jacket, or box coat, features a straight, relaxed fit from the shoulders, reminiscent of the historical coachman's overcoat. This design rose to prominence as a symbol of power dressing in the 1980s and has since become a cornerstone of professional attire, especially in its Chanel tweed incarnation, exuding timeless elegance and authority.

Box Pleats

Box pleats are a sophisticated folding technique employed in various garments, creating a structured 'cluster' or panel that resembles two adjoining knife pleats. This design element is prized in luxury fashion for its ability to infuse volume and a refined structure into skirts and shirts, enhancing the garment's silhouette.


Braiding in dressmaking involves the intricate application of decorative trims, echoing the interwoven style of hair braids. This embellishment technique is valued in high-end fashion for its ability to add depth, texture, and ornamental beauty to edges and free-form patterns on garments.


Bretelles are elegant, diagonal strips of fabric that extend from the center waist to the outer edges of the shoulders, mimicking the graceful lines of a lapel. They serve both decorative and structural purposes, adding a sophisticated touch to tailored garments and enhancing the silhouette.

Breton Stripe

Breton Stripe design features narrow, horizontal blue stripes on a white background, initially inspired by French naval uniforms. Popularized by Coco Chanel, this classic pattern has become a staple in high-end fashion, embodying an effortless elegance and a nautical aesthetic.


Brocade is a richly decorative fabric woven on a jacquard loom, featuring raised designs, often with floral or ornate patterns, that are typically woven with metallic threads. Originating from 17th-century Italian textiles, brocade is synonymous with luxury and opulence, used extensively in high-end fashion for its intricate detailing and depth of texture.

Bugle Beads

Bugle beads are slender, tubular beads that bring a touch of glamour to high-end garments. Available in an array of colors, these beads are meticulously applied to create intricate patterns and textures, elevating the aesthetic appeal of luxury apparel.


A bustier is a form-enhancing garment that beautifully marries the support of a bra with the cinching effect of a waist corset. Evolving from the traditional "merry widow" undergarment, modern bustiers are fashioned from exquisite fabrics and often designed to be worn as a statement top, featuring strapless elegance that accentuates the figure.


Bustle refers to the voluminous draping or a specific underpinning that accentuates the back of a skirt, giving it a fuller, more structured form. Revered in fashion history for its prominence in the late 19th century, the bustle effect makes a dramatic comeback in contemporary evening wear, adding an element of grandeur and sophistication.


Button-down shirts feature buttons running down the front, allowing it to be opened and closed easily. This versatile design can range from casual to formal, often characterized by a collar that can also be buttoned down, making it a staple in both high-end and everyday wardrobes for its timeless appeal.


Buttonholes are meticulously crafted openings tailored to secure buttons, essential for the functionality and finish of a garment. Enhanced with expert embroidery to prevent fraying, high-end garments often feature bound buttonholes, encased with fabric or leather for a seamless and elegant detail, indicative of superior craftsmanship.



Cable Knit

Cable Knit refers to a knitting pattern that creates textured, twisting designs reminiscent of cables or ropes, often employed in high-end sweaters to offer a classic, cozy aesthetic that combines comfort with sophisticated style.

Cable Smocking

Cable Smocking is a refined embroidery technique that starts with a base of evenly spaced dots, evolving into intricate, decorative patterns. This method, often used in traditional English smocking, adds a textured, dimensional quality to luxury garments, enhancing their visual appeal and craftsmanship.

Camisole Top

Camisole Top describes a modern adaptation of the traditional camisole, now serving as a lightweight, elegant blouse worn over a bra. These tops, often featuring delicate straps and crafted from soft, luxurious fabrics, exude femininity and sophistication, making them a versatile addition to a high-end wardrobe.

Cap Sleeve

A cap sleeve is a small, short sleeve extending only a short distance from the shoulder and not under the arm, providing minimal coverage with a delicate, feminine appearance.


A cape is a sleeveless outer garment that drapes the wearer's back, shoulders, and arms, and fastens at the neck. Historically worn for warmth or ceremonial purposes, capes have been reimagined in modern fashion as a stylish alternative to traditional coats.

Capri Pants

Capri pants are a style of trousers that end just below the knee or at the mid-calf. Named after the Italian island of Capri, where they rose to popularity in the 1950s, these pants are known for their chic, casual look.

Capsule Collections

Capsule collections are curated selections of essential, timeless pieces designed to be versatile and wearable across multiple seasons. These collections focus on simplicity, quality, and the ability to mix and match, providing a foundation for a sustainable and minimalist wardrobe.

Capsule Wardrobe

A capsule wardrobe refers to a minimalist approach to fashion, where a small, versatile collection of garments can be mixed and matched to create a variety of looks. High-end capsule wardrobes focus on quality over quantity, featuring timeless pieces made from premium materials.


A cardigan is a type of knitted garment that has an open front, often fastened with buttons or a zipper. A versatile layering piece, cardigans range from lightweight to heavy and cozy, suitable for various occasions and climates.

Cargo Pants

Cargo pants are designed with multiple large pockets for functionality, originating from military wear. Known for their practicality, they have been adopted into casual and streetwear fashion.

Cartridge Pleats

Cartridge pleats are a series of small, rounded pleats used to gather a large amount of fabric into a small waistband or cuff, providing fullness and volume to skirts and sleeves. This technique dates back to historical garment construction.


A chemise is a loose-fitting, lightweight garment worn under clothes or as sleepwear, historically evolving from a simple undergarment to a versatile dress-like piece in women's fashion.


Cheongsam is a traditional Chinese dress that elegantly fuses Eastern and Western fashion elements. Known for its high collar, fitted silhouette, and distinctive closures, the cheongsam emerged in the 1930s as a symbol of chic, cultural sophistication, often featuring a side slit for added grace and mobility.

Cigarette Pants

Cigarette pants are slim-fitting trousers that taper elegantly to the ankles, offering a sleek, tailored look. Their clean lines and flattering fit make them a favorite in luxury fashion, ideal for creating polished, contemporary ensembles.

Circular Cut

Circular cut is a garment construction technique that shapes fabric into a circular form rather than straight lines, creating garments with fluid, voluminous silhouettes. This approach is especially favored for crafting circle skirts and flamenco-inspired ruffles, adding a dramatic, sweeping elegance to luxury fashion pieces.


A coat serves as a sophisticated outer garment designed for warmth and style, ranging from elegant duffel and trench coats to luxurious great coats. Each style offers a unique blend of functionality and high-end fashion, catering to diverse tastes and occasions.

Cocktail Dress

A cocktail dress is a chic, shorter evening dress perfect for formal and semi-formal events. Its design, typically finishing from mid-thigh to knee-length, embodies sophistication and style, making it an essential piece for cocktail parties and upscale gatherings.

Column Dress

A column dress presents a long, straight silhouette that gracefully skims the body, offering a minimalist, elegant design. This style is celebrated in high-end fashion for its simplicity and ability to create a sleek, statuesque appearance.


Couture refers to the creation of custom-fitted clothing that is handcrafted with meticulous attention to detail, often using high-quality, luxurious fabrics and intricate embellishments. Originating from the French term for dressmaking, couture is synonymous with exclusive, high-fashion design, embodying elegance and sophistication in the world of luxury apparel.


Cowl refers to a gracefully draped fabric element, often featured at the neckline or back of a garment, adding a soft, elegant touch. This design detail infuses garments with a sense of fluidity and sophistication, characteristic of luxurious fashion.


Crochet is an artistic craft technique that creates fabric from yarn or thread using a crochet hook, resulting in distinctive looped and knotted patterns. This intricate, handcrafted detail brings a touch of artisanal beauty and texture to high-end fashion accessories and garments.


Cross-stitch is a beloved embroidery method marked by X-shaped stitches that craft detailed patterns and motifs. Its versatility and depth add a rich, textured dimension to luxury textiles, enhancing tapestry work and embellishing embroidery with intricate detail.

Crow's Feet

Crow's feet stitches are specialized reinforcing stitches that form a small, triangular pattern, commonly applied at stress points on tailored garments. This technique adds durability and a refined touch to high-end fashion pieces, ensuring longevity and quality.

Cruise Collection

A cruise collection offers a range of must-have pieces for mid-season wardrobes, originally curated for elite clients traveling to warmer destinations. These collections have become a fashion calendar staple, presenting fresh, versatile designs that bridge the gap between main seasonal offerings.

Curved Seams

Curved seams, such as those in princess seams, are meticulously sewn along a curved line to tailor garments closely to the body's shape. This advanced technique demands precision, ensuring that luxury garments conform elegantly to the wearer's contours, enhancing both fit and aesthetic appeal.




A dart is a tapered seam sewn into a garment to shape the fabric around the curves of the body, such as the bust, waist, or hips, ensuring a better fit.


Dégradé refers to a fabric or garment that showcases a gradient effect, transitioning smoothly from one color to another or from light to dark shades. This technique adds depth and visual interest to high-end fashion pieces.

Diamond Smocking

Diamond smocking is a decorative embroidery technique that creates a textured, diamond-shaped pattern on fabric, often used in children's clothing and women's blouses for an added element of design and elasticity.

Digital Fashion

Digital fashion refers to clothing and accessories that exist only in digital form, created using 3D design software. This innovative concept allows designers to push the boundaries of creativity without the physical constraints of traditional fashion, and it's becoming increasingly popular in virtual environments and fashion gaming.


A dirndl is a traditional dress worn in German-speaking countries, especially Bavaria, characterized by a tight bodice, a wide skirt, and an apron. The dirndl is popular during folk festivals and has inspired contemporary fashion with its flattering silhouette.


Distressed fabric, especially denim, is intentionally aged or damaged to achieve a worn, vintage look. This effect is popular in casual and streetwear fashion for its edgy and relaxed aesthetic.

Dolman Sleeve

A dolman sleeve is a wide, long sleeve that tapers to a tight cuff at the wrist, creating a batwing-like shape. This design offers comfort and ease of movement, often found in sweaters and blouses.


Drape refers to the way fabric hangs and flows on the body or a form, influencing the overall look and feel of a garment. High-quality draping is crucial in haute couture and bespoke fashion for achieving a flattering silhouette.

Duffel Coat

A duffel coat is a traditional woolen coat known for its hood, large wooden toggles, and distinctive plaid lining. Originally designed for military use, it has become a classic winter wardrobe staple for its warmth and durability.




Ease in garment construction refers to the extra room allowed beyond the body measurements for comfort and mobility. Ease is crucial for achieving the desired fit and silhouette, varying significantly across different types of garments.


Eco-fashion emphasizes sustainability in the fashion industry, focusing on the use of environmentally friendly materials and production processes. High-end eco-fashion brands are leading the way in sustainable luxury, offering stylish garments that minimize environmental impact.

Elbow Patch

An elbow patch is a piece of fabric or leather sewn onto the elbow area of a garment, such as a sweater or jacket, for reinforcement or as a style accent.


Embellishments in fashion include decorative details like beads, sequins, embroidery, and lace applied to garments or accessories to enhance their visual appeal and uniqueness.


Embroidery is the art of decorating fabric using a needle and thread or yarn, incorporating various stitches to create intricate patterns and designs. This technique adds texture and color to garments, elevating their aesthetic value.

Empire Waist

An empire waist is a design feature where the waistline of a garment is raised significantly above the natural waist, often just under the bust. This style creates the illusion of length and is particularly flattering for many body types, frequently used in dresses and tops.


Epaulettes are ornamental shoulder pieces found on military and ceremonial uniforms, as well as on fashion garments, adding a structured and decorative element to the shoulders.

Evening Wear

Evening wear encompasses garments designed for formal events held in the evening, such as gowns, cocktail dresses, and tuxedos, distinguished by their sophisticated materials and intricate details.

Extra Wide Leg

Extra wide leg refers to trousers or jeans that are significantly wider than standard designs from the hip downward, offering a relaxed fit and often used as a fashion statement for their bold silhouette.


Eyelets are small holes in fabric or leather, reinforced by metal, plastic, or stitched rings, intended for laces or decorative purposes in garments and accessories.




Fabric is a material made through weaving, knitting, spreading, crocheting, or bonding that can be used in the production of garments, upholstery, and other textile goods.


A facing is a fabric piece sewn to the raw edge of a garment, such as a neckline or armhole, to create a clean finish. Facings are typically turned to the inside of the garment and can be used for both functional and decorative purposes.


A fad in fashion is a short-lived trend that gains rapid popularity and then quickly fades away. Fads are often driven by novelty and can dramatically influence consumer behavior during their peak.


Fashion encompasses the prevailing styles of clothing, accessories, and behaviors at a given time, influenced by cultural and social factors. It is an ever-evolving field, reflecting changes in society, art, and technology.


A fashionista is an individual with a keen interest in fashion and style, often keeping up with the latest trends and incorporating them into their wardrobe in unique ways.

Fashion Tribes

Fashion tribes refer to groups of individuals who share a common interest in specific styles or trends, creating identifiable subcultures within the broader fashion landscape. These tribes often have distinct dress codes and aesthetics, ranging from punk to preppy.


Fatigues are the casual, durable clothing worn by military personnel, characterized by camouflage patterns and functional designs tailored for fieldwork and combat operations.

Faux Pas

A faux pas in fashion refers to a misstep or mistake in dressing, such as a wardrobe malfunction or an outfit choice that is deemed inappropriate for the occasion. Avoiding faux pas is crucial for maintaining a polished and socially acceptable appearance.

Feather Stitch

A feather stitch is an embroidery technique that creates a light, airy pattern resembling a fern or feather. It's often used to embellish edges or seams in clothing, adding a delicate, decorative touch.


Filigree in fashion refers to intricate, lace-like patterns achieved through fine metalwork or embroidery, often used to add delicate detail to high-end garments and accessories.


Fishnet is a material with an open, diamond-shaped knit, used in stockings, tights, and other garments for its edgy and provocative appeal.


A fishtail is a style of skirt or dress that fits tightly around the hips and flares out at the hem, resembling the shape of a fishtail. This design is often seen in formal and bridal wear, adding elegance and drama to the silhouette.

Fit and Flare

Fit and flare refers to a silhouette where the garment is fitted through the bodice and flares out at the waist, creating a flattering shape that accentuates the waistline and provides volume to the skirt.


Flannel is a soft, woven fabric, typically made of wool or cotton, known for its warmth. It's often used for casual shirts, sleepwear, and bedding, popular for its comfort and coziness.


Floral designs feature flower motifs and are commonly used in fabric prints and embroideries, adding a fresh, natural element to garments and accessories.


A flounce is a wide, decorative ruffle sewn onto a garment, such as the hem of a skirt or sleeve, adding movement and a feminine touch to the design.

Fluted Hem

A fluted hem is characterized by a flared shape at the bottom of a garment, resembling the flare of a trumpet or flute. This design adds a playful, feminine finish to skirts and dresses.

Fluted Sleeve

A fluted sleeve features a design that flares out towards the wrist, creating a bell-like shape that adds elegance and flair to the garment.

Flutter Sleeve

A flutter sleeve is a charming and lightweight sleeve design that falls softly around the upper arm, creating a gentle, wave-like motion reminiscent of butterfly wings. This sleeve style adds a whimsical and feminine touch to blouses and dresses, making it a favored choice for high-end women's fashion that seeks to blend comfort with grace.


A frog is a type of fastening used on garments, consisting of a loop and an ornamental knot or button, often found on traditional and ceremonial attire for both aesthetic and functional purposes.




A galloon is a decorative trim or braid often used in high-end fashion to add intricate detail to garments, typically featuring metallic threads or ornamental designs.


A garment is an article of clothing crafted from fabric or other material, designed to cover part of the body. Garments vary widely in style, function, and cultural significance.


A garter is a band worn around the leg to keep up stockings, serving both a functional role and as a decorative accessory, particularly in bridal and lingerie fashion.


Gathers are a series of small, soft folds created by drawing fabric together, used in garment design to add fullness or shape to a piece, such as in sleeves, skirts, or bodices.


Gaucho pants are wide-legged, calf-length trousers inspired by the attire of South American cowboys. They offer a blend of comfort and style, often featuring a loose fit and a hem that flares out from the knee.

Gender Neutral

Gender-neutral fashion eliminates traditional gender distinctions in clothing, offering designs that can be worn by anyone regardless of gender. High-end fashion houses are increasingly embracing this concept, creating collections that appeal to a broad audience with their inclusive designs.

Generic Fiber Names

Generic fiber names are standardized terms used to identify various types of fibers in textiles, distinguishing between natural fibers like cotton and wool and synthetic fibers such as polyester and nylon, as outlined by textile regulations.


Geometric patterns in fashion involve the use of shapes and lines to create bold, often repetitive designs on fabric, ranging from simple stripes and checks to complex arrangements, adding a modern and dynamic feel to garments.


A gimp is a narrow, ornamental braid used in sewing and embroidery to add texture and decorative detail to the edges of garments or upholstery.


Gingham is a lightweight, woven fabric characterized by its checked pattern of white and a bold color. Popular in shirts, dresses, and tablecloths, gingham adds a cheerful and casual look.


Glam fashion embodies a style marked by extravagance, glamour, and often an element of theatricality, closely associated with the glam rock music scene and characterized by flamboyant costumes, glitter, and bold accessories.


A godet is a triangular insert sewn into a garment's seam to add fullness to the skirt or sleeve, creating a flared silhouette that enhances movement and flow.


A gore is a panel of fabric inserted into a garment to give shape and increase its width, commonly used in skirts and dresses to create a flared silhouette.


Ground in textile terms refers to the base fabric on which patterns are printed or embroidered, setting the foundation for the design's overall look and feel.


Gunmetal describes a dark shade of gray with a bluish or purplish tint, often used in fashion to convey a sleek, sophisticated aesthetic, particularly in jewelry and accessories.


A gusset is a piece of fabric inserted into a garment to add breadth or reduce stress at points of tension, such as in the underarm or crotch area, enhancing both comfort and durability.




A halter-neck is a style of garment that features a strap or straps that wrap around the neck, leaving the back and shoulders exposed, often seen in dresses and tops for a flattering and elegant look.

Handkerchief Hems

Handkerchief hems refer to a hemline designed with panels of fabric that point downward, resembling the corners of a handkerchief. This style adds a whimsical and fluid movement to skirts and dresses.

Harem Pants

Harem pants are characterized by their baggy, dropped crotch and fitted ankles, inspired by Middle Eastern styles. They offer a unique blend of comfort and fashion-forward appeal.

Harris Tweed

Harris Tweed is a luxury cloth handwoven by islanders in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland, known for its durability, warmth, and distinctive patterns. Protected by law, it's a symbol of quality and craftsmanship in fashion.

Haute Couture

Haute couture is the pinnacle of fashion design, offering bespoke, handcrafted garments that showcase the utmost in creativity, quality, and luxury. Predominantly based in Paris, haute couture garments are the embodiment of fashion as an art form, tailored to fit the individual client perfectly and often involving elaborate techniques and rare materials.


Hems are the finished edges of fabric on garments, created by folding the edge over and sewing it down. Hems can vary in width and style, serving both functional and decorative purposes.


Herringbone is a distinctive V-shaped weaving pattern that resembles the skeleton of a herring fish. Used in suits, outerwear, and home textiles, herringbone adds a classic, sophisticated touch.


Hipster in fashion refers to garments designed to sit low on the hips, contrasting with traditional high-waisted styles. This term also describes a subculture known for its eclectic fashion sense.


The H-Line silhouette, introduced by Christian Dior, features a straight structure with a slight emphasis on the waist, creating a look reminiscent of the letter "H." This silhouette offers a modern, elongated appearance, emphasizing length over width.

Hobble Skirt

A hobble skirt is a style of skirt that narrows at the hem, restricting the wearer's stride to small steps, reminiscent of early 20th-century fashion. Though restrictive, it offers a unique, vintage-inspired look.

Hoop or Crinoline

A hoop or crinoline is a structured undergarment designed to support and shape the fullness of skirts, reminiscent of 19th-century fashion. Modern adaptations are used in formal wear to enhance the silhouette of gowns.


Hosiery encompasses various types of closely fitting coverings for the legs and feet, such as socks, stockings, and tights, made from stretchable, thin fabrics.


Houndstooth is a classic duotone pattern characterized by broken checks or abstract four-pointed shapes. Originating from woven wool cloths, houndstooth is a staple in formal and casual fashion for its sophisticated appeal.



Illusion Neckline

An illusion neckline is a design where sheer fabric extends from the bust to the collar, creating the illusion of a low-cut neckline while offering more coverage. In luxury fashion, this detail adds a touch of elegance and mystery to gowns and dresses.


The inseam is the seam inside a pair of trousers, running from the crotch to the bottom of the leg. This measurement is crucial for ensuring the proper length of pants, affecting fit and comfort.


Interfacing is a fabric used to reinforce and provide structure to certain parts of a garment, such as collars, cuffs, and waistbands. It's applied to the wrong side of the fabric, either by sewing or with an adhesive, to maintain shape and enhance durability.


Interlining is an additional layer of fabric inserted between the outer fabric and the lining of a garment. It provides extra body, warmth, or reinforcement, helping the garment retain its shape and structure.




Jabots are ornamental ruffles, often made of lace, attached to the front of a blouse or a dress. Historically popular in the 17th and 18th centuries, jabots add a touch of classical elegance to modern high-end fashion, reminiscent of the lavish styles of European courts.


A jacket is an outer garment that extends either to the waist or the hips, typically featuring sleeves and a fastening down the front. Jackets are a versatile element in luxury fashion, serving both functional and aesthetic purposes, with designs ranging from casual blazers to sophisticated evening wear.

Jacquard Weaving

Jacquard weaving is a highly intricate method of fabric production that creates complex patterns through a special loom. This technique allows for the creation of elaborate, textured designs in high-end fabrics, favored in luxurious apparel and interior décor.


Jersey is a soft, stretchy knit fabric known for its comfort and versatility. High-end fashion utilizes jersey for its drape and ease of wear, making it a favored material for elegant casual wear and fluid, form-fitting evening gowns.


Jodhpurs are tight-fitting trousers that flare out at the hips and taper to the ankle, designed originally for horseback riding. In luxury fashion, jodhpurs inspire silhouettes that blend equestrian elegance with modern sophistication.



Kangaroo Pockets

Kangaroo pockets are a single, large pocket located at the front of a garment, often found on hoodies or sweatshirts. In high-end fashion, these pockets add a casual yet chic utility to luxurious loungewear, merging comfort with sophistication.


Kente is a type of silk and cotton fabric made of interwoven cloth strips, native to Ghana. Known for its vibrant colors and intricate designs, kente cloth holds cultural significance and is often used in high-end fashion to celebrate African heritage.

Keyhole Neckline

A keyhole neckline features a small, decorative cut-out near the base of the neck. This elegant detail adds a subtle hint of allure to high-end garments, providing a sophisticated focal point without compromising modesty.

Kick Pleats

Kick pleats are inverted pleats placed at the lower part of skirts or coats, providing ease of movement while maintaining a sleek silhouette. In luxury fashion, kick pleats offer a functional yet refined detail, enhancing the garment's elegance and wearability.


A kilt is a knee-length skirt of pleated tartan cloth, traditionally worn by men as part of Scottish Highland dress. In contemporary high-end fashion, the kilt is reimagined as a statement piece that transcends gender, blending heritage with modernity.


A kimono is a traditional Japanese garment characterized by long sleeves and a wrap-around design. In luxury fashion, kimonos inspire a range of high-end garments, from robes to coats, celebrated for their flowing elegance and intricate patterns.


Knee-length garments strike a balance between modesty and allure, ending just at or slightly above the knee. This versatile length is a staple in upscale women's fashion, offering a timeless elegance suitable for a variety of occasions.

Knife Pleat

Knife pleats are narrow, uniform folds pressed in one direction, commonly used in skirts and dresses. In the realm of high-end fashion, knife pleats add texture and movement to luxurious fabrics, creating a visually stunning effect that enhances the garment's overall aesthetic.


Knitting is the process of creating fabric by interlocking loops of yarn with needles. In luxury fashion, knitting techniques range from simple, classic stitches to complex patterns, allowing for the creation of exquisite, tactile garments that combine comfort with high-end style.


Knotting involves tying threads or cords in a series of knots to create decorative patterns or fabric. This technique is used in high-end fashion to add intricate, handcrafted details to luxury garments and accessories, embodying a blend of traditional craftsmanship and contemporary design.



Lace and Tatting

Lace and tatting are intricate techniques used to create delicate, ornamental fabric with openwork designs. In high-end fashion, these methods are employed to add exquisite detail and a touch of femininity to luxury garments, showcasing the meticulous craftsmanship behind each piece.


Lamé is a fabric woven or knit with thin ribbons of metallic fibers, imparting a shimmering appearance. In luxury fashion, lamé is used to create striking garments that catch the light, making a glamorous statement on high-end evening wear and accessories.


A lapel is the folded flap of cloth on the front of a jacket or coat, usually forming part of the collar. In upscale fashion, lapels vary in style and width, adding character and distinction to formalwear, with each type lending a different level of formality and flair to the ensemble.

Laser Cutting

Laser cutting is a technology used in fashion design to cut or engrave fabric with high precision. This technique allows for intricate patterns and details, adding a modern edge to high-end garments and accessories.


Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal hides, primarily used in high-end fashion for its luxury and longevity. Leather's rich texture and versatility make it a staple in creating premium outerwear, footwear, and accessories.

Leg-of-Mutton Sleeve

A leg-of-mutton sleeve is voluminous at the shoulder and tapers to a tight fit from the elbow to the wrist. In luxury fashion, this dramatic sleeve adds a romantic, Victorian-inspired silhouette to modern garments, blending historical elegance with contemporary design.

Leg Warmers

Leg warmers are tubular coverings for the legs, designed to provide warmth while adding a stylish layer to an outfit. In high-end fashion, leg warmers transcend their practical origins, becoming a statement accessory in luxury knitwear collections.

Lettuce Hem

A lettuce hem is characterized by a wavy, ruffled edge, often found on knit or stretch fabric garments. This playful detail adds a whimsical touch to high-end casual wear, offering a subtle nod to retro styles with a modern twist.


A line in fashion refers to the distinct outline or contour of a garment, shaping its overall silhouette. In luxury fashion, the line of a piece is meticulously crafted to ensure it complements the wearer's form, highlighting the designer's attention to proportion and elegance.


A lining in a garment is a layer of fabric attached to the inside to provide a clean finish, enhance comfort, and extend the garment's life. In luxury fashion, linings are often made from high-quality, silky materials, adding an extra layer of indulgence to premium garments.


A logo is a symbol or design adopted by an organization to identify its products, uniform, vehicles, etc. In luxury fashion, a brand's logo serves as a hallmark of quality and prestige, often subtly incorporated into designs or prominently displayed as a status symbol.

Look Book

A look book is a collection of photographs compiled to showcase a fashion designer's or brand's latest collection, serving as a visual guide to the season's styles and trends. In high-end fashion, look books are crafted with artistic direction to convey the brand's aesthetic and narrative.


Lycra is a brand name for a highly elastic synthetic fabric known for its ability to stretch and recover its original shape, used extensively in high-end activewear and swimwear for its performance qualities and comfort.

Lyocell Fiber

Lyocell fiber is a sustainable fabric known for its environmental friendliness and comfort. In luxury fashion, lyocell is prized for its smooth texture, draping qualities, and versatility, making it a favored choice for eco-conscious, high-end designs.




Macrame is a form of textile produced using knotting techniques, rather than weaving or knitting. In high-end fashion, macrame is valued for its intricate patterns and artisanal appeal, often seen in luxury accessories and decorative garment detailing.

Mad as a Hatter

Mad as a hatter describes someone exhibiting eccentric or unpredictable behavior. In the context of fashion, this term can evoke a sense of whimsical, bold creativity, often celebrated in avant-garde and high-end designs that challenge conventional norms.

Mandarin Collar

A mandarin collar is a small, upright collar that does not fold over. In luxury fashion, this clean and minimalist collar style adds a touch of sophistication and cultural flair to both formal and casual high-end garments.

Manufactured Fiber

Manufactured fibers are created through chemical processes, as opposed to natural fibers that are directly sourced from plants or animals. In the realm of high-end fashion, these fibers are engineered for specific qualities like strength, luster, or sustainability, enhancing the performance and aesthetic of luxury textiles.

Maxi Skirt

A maxi skirt is a long skirt that extends down to the ankles, offering a graceful, flowing silhouette. In high-end fashion, maxi skirts are crafted from luxurious fabrics and feature sophisticated detailing, making them a staple for elegant, statement-making ensembles.

Merino Wool

Merino wool is a high-quality, soft wool obtained from Merino sheep, renowned for its fine fibers and excellent thermal regulation properties. In luxury fashion, merino wool is sought after for its superior comfort, warmth, and its ability to elevate everyday wear into refined, high-end pieces.

Mermaid Line

The mermaid line refers to a dress silhouette that is fitted through the bodice and hips and flares out from the knee to the hem, resembling the shape of a mermaid's tail. This glamorous and figure-enhancing style is a favorite in high-end evening wear and bridal collections for its dramatic flair and sophistication.

Micro Skirt

A micro skirt is an extremely short skirt, ending well above the knees. In high-end fashion, micro-skirts challenge traditional norms with daring lengths, often balanced with luxurious fabrics and intricate detailing to maintain an air of sophistication.


A minaudiere is a small, decorative evening bag, often hard-cased, used as a fashion accessory. In high-end fashion, minaudieres are ornately designed with precious metals, jewels, and intricate craftsmanship, serving as a statement piece that complements luxurious evening attire.

Mini Skirt

A mini skirt is a short skirt that ends well above the knees, embodying a youthful and bold fashion statement. In luxury fashion, mini skirts are crafted from high-quality fabrics and feature refined details, blending modernity with high-end appeal.


Minimalism in fashion refers to a style characterized by simplicity, clean lines, and a monochromatic palette. High-end minimalist fashion focuses on the quality of materials and the perfection of form, creating timeless, elegant pieces.

Mitre Corners

Mitre corners are diagonal seams that create a pointed corner, often used in garment construction for a sharp, tailored finish. In luxury fashion, mitre corners demonstrate attention to detail and precision, enhancing the elegance of high-end garments.


Mohair is a silk-like fabric made from the hair of the Angora goat, known for its high sheen and beautiful, fluffy texture. In luxury fashion, mohair is cherished for its warmth, natural luster, and the plush quality it lends to high-end knitwear and accessories.


Monochromatic styling involves the use of one color in various shades and tones within an outfit, creating a cohesive and sophisticated look. In luxury fashion, monochromatic ensembles are celebrated for their elegance and simplicity, often employing rich textures and nuanced tones to add depth and interest.

Muscle Back

A muscle back refers to a design in tops or dresses that features a cut-out back, exposing the shoulder blades and upper back. In luxury fashion, muscle back designs merge athletic inspirations with high-end aesthetics, offering a blend of sophistication and modernity.




Napping is a fabric finishing process that raises the surface fibers to create a soft, fuzzy texture, enhancing the fabric's warmth and comfort. In luxury textiles, napping is meticulously executed to achieve a sumptuous hand feel, adding an element of indulgence to high-end garments.

Natural Fibers

Natural fibers are derived from plants, animals, or mineral sources, and include materials like cotton, wool, silk, and linen. In high-end fashion, natural fibers are prized for their quality, sustainability, and the luxurious comfort they provide in garment construction.


Necklines refer to the shape and design of the opening at the top of a garment that frames the neck and décolletage. In luxury fashion, necklines are carefully considered to enhance the garment's aesthetic and the wearer's features, ranging from classic to innovative designs that add distinction to high-end apparel.


Neoprene is a synthetic rubber material known for its resilience, flexibility, and thermal insulation. In high-end fashion, neoprene is utilized for its sculptural qualities and modern appeal, lending a contemporary edge to luxury garments and accessories.


Non-wovens refer to fabrics made from fibers bonded together by chemical, mechanical, heat, or solvent treatment, rather than by weaving or knitting. In luxury fashion, non-wovens offer innovative solutions for creating high-end garments with unique properties, such as enhanced durability, water resistance, or distinctive textures.


Normcore is a fashion trend that emphasizes normal-looking clothing, blending in rather than standing out. High-end interpretations of normcore elevate everyday basics with premium fabrics and impeccable tailoring.


Nylon is a synthetic polymer, developed as the first fully synthetic fiber. In high-end fashion, nylon is valued for its strength, elasticity, and resistance to wear, often incorporated into luxury sportswear, hosiery, and technical garments for its performance qualities.




Ombre is a dyeing technique where colors gradually transition from light to dark shades, creating a fluid, multi-tonal effect. In luxury fashion, ombre is used to add depth and dimension to high-end garments, offering a visually captivating and artistic touch.


Opaque fabrics are non-transparent, providing complete coverage and privacy. In the context of high-end fashion, opaque materials are chosen for their quality and the sense of luxury they impart to garments, ensuring a refined and polished appearance.

Open Back

An open back design in clothing features a backless cut, providing a daring and elegant aesthetic. In luxury fashion, open back garments are meticulously crafted to balance allure with sophistication, often becoming statement pieces in evening wear and high-end couture.


Outré describes something that is unconventional or extreme. In high-end fashion, outré designs challenge traditional norms and push creative boundaries, often seen in avant-garde collections that seek to make a bold statement.


Overcasting is a sewing technique used to prevent the edges of fabric from fraying by stitching over the edge. In high-end garment construction, overcasting is executed with precision, ensuring durability and a neat finish, reflecting the meticulous attention to detail characteristic of luxury fashion.


An overlay in fashion refers to a layer of fabric placed over another, creating a dimensional and textured effect. In high-end designs, overlays often involve luxurious materials like lace or silk, adding depth and intricacy to garments and elevating their aesthetic appeal.


Oversized garments are designed to be significantly larger than the standard fit, often creating a relaxed and comfortable silhouette. In luxury fashion, oversized pieces are crafted with high-quality materials and thoughtful detailing, redefining comfort with a touch of sophistication.



Pagoda Sleeve

A pagoda sleeve is a type of sleeve that is wide at the shoulder and tapers to a narrow wrist, resembling the silhouette of a pagoda. In luxury fashion, this dramatic sleeve adds an architectural element to high-end garments, showcasing a blend of historical inspiration and contemporary design.


Panniers are framework structures used to extend the width of skirts at the sides, creating a distinctive silhouette. In high-end fashion, panniers are employed in couture and bridal wear to achieve dramatic volume and grandeur, echoing the opulence of historical attire.

Paper Bag Waistbands

Paper bag waistbands feature a gathered, ruffled effect at the waist, resembling the top of a paper bag. In luxury fashion, this detail adds a playful, voluminous touch to high-end skirts and trousers, often accentuated with a belt to emphasize the waistline.


Passé describes something that is out of style or no longer fashionable. In the context of high-end fashion, staying abreast of current trends and timeless designs is key to avoiding passé choices, ensuring that luxury garments maintain their appeal and relevance.

Passementerie Edging

Passementerie edging refers to the application of elaborate trimmings or decorative edging, such as braids, cords, or fringes, to garments. In luxury fashion, passementerie is used to add opulent detailing to high-end pieces, enhancing their visual interest and craftsmanship.

Patch Pockets

Patch pockets are a type of pocket applied to the outside of a garment, adding both functionality and a decorative element. In luxury fashion, patch pockets are often designed with precision and embellished with high-quality materials, contributing to the garment's aesthetic and utility.


Patchwork involves piecing together different fabrics to create a new, composite material. In high-end fashion, patchwork is elevated through the use of luxury textiles and intricate designs, resulting in unique, artisanal garments that blend creativity with craftsmanship.


A pattern in fashion refers to the template from which parts of a garment are traced onto fabric before cutting and assembling. In high-end fashion, patterns are meticulously crafted to ensure precise fit and drape, embodying the designer's vision and the garment's intended silhouette.


Peek-a-boo elements in fashion feature strategically placed cutouts or sheer panels that reveal a hint of skin or underlying fabric. In luxury garments, these details are thoughtfully integrated into the design, offering a subtle allure while maintaining sophistication.


A peignoir is a long, sheer dressing gown typically worn over lingerie. In the realm of high-end fashion, peignoirs are crafted from luxurious fabrics like silk or chiffon, often beautifully adorned with lace or embroidery, epitomizing elegance and femininity.


A peplum is a short, gathered or flared strip of fabric attached at the waist of a jacket, dress, or blouse, creating a flounced silhouette. In luxury fashion, peplums are executed with precision and often embellished, adding a sophisticated, sculptural element to high-end garments.

Peter Pan Collar

A Peter Pan collar is a flat, round-cornered collar found on blouses or dresses, evoking a youthful and whimsical aesthetic. In luxury fashion, Peter Pan collars are often crafted from exquisite materials or adorned with intricate details, blending playfulness with refinement.


A petticoat is an undergarment worn beneath a skirt or dress to add fullness or shape to the outer garment. In high-end fashion, petticoats are constructed from premium materials and designed to complement the silhouette of luxurious skirts and gowns, enhancing their drape and volume.


Pile refers to the raised surface of a fabric, consisting of upright loops or strands that stand up from the base material. In luxury textiles, pile is carefully engineered to achieve a plush, velvety feel, adding depth and tactile richness to high-end fabrics.


Piping is a narrow strip of fabric, often filled with cord, used to trim or outline edges on garments and accessories. In the world of luxury fashion, piping is meticulously applied to add definition and contrast, highlighting the craftsmanship in high-end designs.


A placket is a panel on a garment that houses fastenings, such as buttons or zippers, typically found on shirt fronts, cuffs, and skirt waists. In luxury fashion, plackets are expertly constructed to blend seamlessly into the garment, showcasing attention to detail and high-quality finishing.


Plaid is a pattern consisting of crossed horizontal and vertical bands in multiple colors. In high-end fashion, plaid patterns are reimagined in luxurious fabrics and color combinations, offering a sophisticated take on this classic design.


A pleat is a fold of fabric that allows for expansion and movement, adding volume or shape to a garment. In luxury fashion, pleats are carefully constructed to enhance the garment's silhouette and fluidity, demonstrating the designer's attention to detail and mastery of fabric manipulation.


Pleather is a synthetic material designed to mimic the look and feel of real leather, offering a cruelty-free alternative in fashion. High-end brands use advanced pleather materials that closely resemble genuine leather, providing a sustainable option for luxury items.


Plissé is a fabric treatment that results in a puckered or crinkled texture, achieved through chemical treatment or heat setting. In high-end fashion, plissé is valued for its distinctive texture and visual interest, adding depth and movement to luxury garments.


Pockets are functional components of a garment, designed to hold small items. In luxury fashion, pockets are seamlessly integrated into the design, often with meticulous detailing and high-quality finishes, enhancing both the utility and aesthetic of high-end pieces.


The polonaise is a garment style characterized by a draped and gathered up overskirt, creating a voluminous silhouette reminiscent of 18th-century fashion. In luxury wear, the polonaise is reinterpreted with modern sensibilities, blending historical elegance with contemporary design.


A poncho is an outer garment designed as a large fabric piece with a hole in the center for the head, offering a loose and flowing fit. In luxury fashion, ponchos are crafted from premium materials and may feature intricate patterns or embellishments, elevating this practical piece into a statement of high-end style.


A portiere is a curtain hung over a door or doorway, often used for privacy or decorative purposes. In the context of luxury fashion, the term can metaphorically describe the dramatic unveiling of high-end designs, where fabric and movement play key roles in the presentation of couture collections.

Power Dressing

Power dressing refers to a style of clothing aimed at exuding authority and confidence, often associated with professional and formal attire. In the realm of luxury fashion, power dressing is characterized by impeccably tailored suits, high-quality fabrics, and sophisticated details that underscore the wearer's stature and taste.


Prêt-à-porter, also known as ready-to-wear, denotes clothing that is designed in standard sizes and sold off the rack, as opposed to custom-made haute couture. In luxury fashion, prêt-à-porter collections offer high-end craftsmanship and design, making designer labels accessible to a wider audience while maintaining an air of exclusivity.

Princess Line

The princess line is a style of dress or coat design that uses long, shaped panels without a horizontal waist seam, creating a slim, elongated silhouette. In luxury fashion, princess lines are employed for their flattering fit, seamlessly contouring the body with sophisticated elegance.


A print in fashion refers to fabric that has been dyed, painted, or otherwise marked with a repeating pattern or design. In high-end fashion, prints are often custom-designed or derived from exclusive artwork, adding unique visual interest and value to luxury garments.


Puckered fabric features a textured surface created by tightly gathered or stitched areas, offering a dimensional look. In luxury fashion, puckering is used intentionally to add depth and interest to high-end garments, showcasing the designer's skill in fabric manipulation.

Puffed Sleeves

Puffed sleeves are voluminous sleeves that gather at the shoulder and cuff, creating a rounded, billowy shape. In luxury fashion, puffed sleeves are crafted with precision and often feature exquisite fabrics, adding drama and femininity to high-end designs.


A pullover is a type of garment that is put on by pulling it over the head, typically a sweater or sweatshirt. In luxury fashion, pullovers are made from premium materials and may include designer details, elevating a casual staple into a piece of high-end attire.




Quilted fabric is characterized by a padded, stitched design that creates a raised pattern, often used for warmth and texture. In luxury fashion, quilting is executed with meticulous attention to detail, transforming functional elements into sophisticated features on high-end garments and accessories.




A racerback is a style of garment in which the back panel forms a T or Y shape, often seen in sportswear and casual tops. In luxury fashion, the racerback is reimagined with high-quality materials and unique design elements, adding a sporty yet chic touch to high-end collections.

Raglan Sleeve

A raglan sleeve extends in one piece from the collar down to the underarm, providing a diagonal seam from the neckline to the underarm. This sleeve style is favored in high-end fashion for its seamless shoulder line and enhanced comfort, lending a sophisticated yet relaxed look to luxury garments.

Resort Wear

Resort wear is a clothing style designed for vacationing and leisure, typically in warm climates. High-end resort wear combines luxury with comfort, offering elegant yet relaxed garments perfect for holiday destinations.


Revers refers to the turned-back lapels of a garment, such as a coat or jacket, often showcasing the reverse side of the fabric. In high-end fashion, revers are designed with precision and may feature contrasting materials or intricate detailing, adding a refined touch to luxury outerwear.


Reversible garments can be worn inside out, offering two different looks in one piece. In luxury fashion, reversible items are crafted with equal attention to detail on both sides, using high-quality materials and finishes, providing versatility and value in high-end wardrobes.


Ribbing is a type of knit fabric characterized by alternating raised and lowered rows, providing elasticity and texture. In luxury fashion, ribbing is used to add subtle detail and enhance fit in high-end knitwear, often crafted from premium yarns for a plush feel.


Rickrack is a flat, zigzag braid used as a decorative trim on garments and accessories. In high-end fashion, rickrack is often made from luxurious materials and applied with precision, adding a playful yet sophisticated accent to luxury pieces.


Ruching involves gathering fabric to create ripples or pleats, adding texture and shaping to a garment. In luxury fashion, ruching is employed for its flattering effects and intricate appearance, often enhancing the silhouette of high-end dresses and tops with a touch of elegance.


A ruffle is a strip of fabric that has been gathered or pleated to create a decorative frill on garments. In the world of luxury fashion, ruffles are crafted from exquisite materials and applied with artistry, adding volume, movement, and a romantic flair to high-end pieces.




Sartorial pertains to tailoring or the style of dress, emphasizing the importance of fit, craftsmanship, and fashion in clothing. In the context of luxury fashion, sartorial excellence reflects the meticulous construction and elegant design inherent in high-end garments.


Satin is a weave that typically has a glossy surface and a dull back, known for its smooth, lustrous appearance. In luxury fashion, satin is favored for its rich texture and sheen, often used in evening wear and high-end accessories for its opulent appeal.

Scalloped Technique

The scalloped technique involves creating a series of curved edges on fabric, reminiscent of the edge of a scallop shell. In high-end fashion, this delicate detailing is applied to hemlines, collars, and cuffs, adding a sophisticated, decorative touch to luxury garments.


A seam is the line where two pieces of fabric are sewn together in a garment. In luxury fashion, seams are meticulously constructed to ensure durability, fit, and a flawless appearance, showcasing the high level of craftsmanship in high-end apparel.


A season in fashion refers to the period of the year characterized by specific collections and trends, typically aligned with major fashion weeks. In high-end fashion, designers present luxurious seasonal collections that reflect the latest styles, materials, and themes, setting the tone for the industry.


Seersucker is a lightweight fabric known for its puckered texture and striped or checkered patterns, offering breathability and comfort. In luxury fashion, seersucker is reinterpreted in high-end designs, combining classic charm with contemporary sophistication.


Shape in fashion refers to the silhouette or contour of a garment, defining its overall appearance and style. In luxury fashion, shape is a key element of design, with each silhouette carefully considered to enhance the wearer's form and reflect the brand's aesthetic.

Sheath Line

The sheath line refers to a close-fitting dress that contours the body, often ending just above or at the knee. In high-end fashion, sheath dresses are crafted with precision and high-quality materials, epitomizing elegance and sophistication.


Sheer fabric is a thin, translucent material that offers a hint of visibility to the skin or underlying layers. In luxury fashion, sheer elements are used to add allure and delicacy to high-end garments, playing with transparency and texture for a refined, sensual aesthetic.

Shell Hems

Shell hems refer to a decorative hem finish that resembles the edge of a scallop shell, adding a delicate, wavy border to the fabric. In luxury fashion, shell hems are often used to enhance the femininity and elegance of high-end skirts and dresses, showcasing the brand's attention to detail.


Shibori is a Japanese manual resist dyeing technique, producing patterns on fabric through binding, stitching, folding, twisting, or compressing. In luxury fashion, shibori is celebrated for its artisanal beauty and uniqueness, bringing a cultural and bespoke quality to high-end garments.

Shift Dress

A shift dress is a simple, straight silhouette that falls from the shoulders, often unadorned and with minimal detailing. In high-end fashion, the shift dress is transformed with luxurious fabrics and exceptional tailoring, embodying timeless elegance and simplicity.

Shirt Dress

A shirt dress combines the structure of a button-down shirt with the silhouette of a dress, creating a versatile and stylish garment. Characterized by a collar, a button front, and often a belted waist, the shirt dress transcends seasons and occasions, offering a polished yet effortless look. Its adaptability makes it a cherished piece in high-end fashion, easily dressed up or down to suit various settings.


The silhouette of a garment refers to its overall shape or outline, an essential aspect of fashion design. In luxury fashion, silhouettes are carefully crafted to convey a specific aesthetic and reflect the brand's signature style, often incorporating innovative structures and proportions.

Slow Fashion

Slow fashion advocates for a more sustainable approach to fashion, focusing on quality and longevity rather than fast-changing trends. High-end slow fashion emphasizes artisanal craftsmanship, ethical production, and timeless design.

Soutache Braid

Soutache braid is a narrow, decorative braid used in the trimming of garments and accessories. In high-end fashion, soutache braid adds intricate detailing and texture to luxury pieces, demonstrating the brand's commitment to fine craftsmanship.

Spaghetti Strap

Spaghetti straps are thin shoulder straps on garments such as dresses and tops. In luxury fashion, spaghetti straps add a delicate, minimalist aesthetic to evening gowns and sophisticated casual wear, often crafted from premium materials for a touch of elegance.


Spandex is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. In high-end fashion, spandex is incorporated into luxury garments to provide comfort and flexibility, enhancing the fit and wearability of sophisticated apparel.


Spangles are small, shiny pieces of metal or plastic used to decorate garments. In luxury fashion, spangles are meticulously applied to high-end garments, adding sparkle and glamour to exquisite evening wear and accessories.


Sportswear in high-end fashion refers to stylish, functional clothing designed for sports or leisure activities. Luxury sportswear combines performance fabrics with designer aesthetics, elevating casual, athletic-inspired attire to sophisticated fashion statements.


Stitch-bonding is a method of joining fabric layers or threads with stitches to create textiles. In high-end fashion, stitch-bonding techniques are used to construct innovative fabrics and designs, showcasing craftsmanship and technical innovation.


A stole is a long, wide piece of fabric worn over the shoulders, often made of luxurious materials like fur or silk. In high-end fashion, stoles add a touch of elegance and sophistication to formal attire, reflecting timeless style and luxury.


Stripes are a pattern consisting of parallel lines that vary in width, color, and spacing. In luxury fashion, stripes are employed in innovative ways, adding visual interest and dynamic appeal to high-end garments.


A suit consists of a jacket and trousers or a skirt made from matching fabric. In the world of luxury fashion, suits are tailored to perfection, using high-quality materials and craftsmanship to ensure a flawless fit and sophisticated silhouette.

Sweetheart Necklines

Sweetheart necklines feature a curved bottom edge, resembling the top half of a heart. In high-end evening wear and bridal fashion, sweetheart necklines offer a romantic and flattering detail, enhancing the garment's elegance and femininity.




Tailoring involves fitting a garment to an individual's specific measurements, ensuring a perfect fit. In high-end fashion, expert tailoring is essential to achieving the precise, polished look that defines luxury apparel.

Tank Top

A tank top is a sleeveless shirt with a wide arm opening and a scoop or V-neck. In luxury fashion, tank tops are crafted from premium materials and often feature unique designs or embellishments, elevating a basic piece into a stylish statement.

Tapered Leg

Tapered leg pants narrow towards the ankle, offering a sleek and modern silhouette. In high-end fashion, tapered leg designs are executed with precision, using luxurious fabrics to create a sophisticated and flattering fit.


Tartan is a pattern consisting of crisscrossed horizontal and vertical bands in multiple colors. In luxury fashion, tartan is reimagined in high-quality materials and used in innovative designs, paying homage to its rich heritage while embracing contemporary style.

Tea Length

Tea length garments fall to the mid-calf, offering a classic and elegant silhouette. In high-end fashion, tea-length dresses and skirts are crafted with exquisite detail and luxurious fabrics, ideal for formal afternoon events and sophisticated gatherings.


Techwear is a style of clothing that incorporates advanced technological features, such as water resistance and breathability, into its design. High-end techwear combines functionality with sleek, futuristic aesthetics, catering to the modern, urban lifestyle.


Tie-dye is a technique of dyeing fabric by tying sections to create patterns. In high-end fashion, tie-dye is elevated through the use of luxurious fabrics and intricate, artistic patterns, transforming a traditional craft into a chic, contemporary design element.


A train refers to the extra length of fabric that extends from the back of a garment, trailing on the ground. In high-end bridal and evening wear, trains add a dramatic and elegant element to gowns, crafted with luxurious fabrics and exquisite detailing.

Trapeze Line

The trapeze line in fashion features garments that flare out from a fitted shoulder line, creating a voluminous silhouette. This style, popularized by designers like Yves Saint Laurent, is celebrated in high-end fashion for its fluid movement and modern, architectural appeal.

Trench Coat

A trench coat is a weather-resistant coat with a belted waist and double-breasted front, originally designed for military use. In luxury fashion, the trench coat is reinterpreted with premium materials and unique details, maintaining its classic appeal while incorporating contemporary design elements.

Trompe L'Oeil

Trompe l'oeil is an art technique that creates optical illusions of three-dimensionality on a flat surface. In high-end fashion, trompe l'oeil is used to craft intricate designs that mimic textures, layers, and embellishments, adding depth and intrigue to garments.


A tuck is a folded and sewn narrow pleat used in garment construction to control fullness or add decorative texture. In luxury garments, tucks are precisely executed, enhancing the garment's structure and aesthetic with subtle, refined details.


Tulle is a lightweight, fine mesh net fabric, often used in veils and ballet tutus. In luxury fashion, tulle is employed to add volume and ethereal beauty to high-end gowns and skirts, showcasing exquisite craftsmanship and a delicate, romantic aesthetic.


A tunic is a simple, loose-fitting garment that covers the body from the shoulders to the hips or thighs. In high-end fashion, tunics are crafted from luxurious fabrics and may feature intricate embroidery or embellishments, offering a blend of comfort and elegance.


A turtleneck is a high, close-fitting collar that can be folded over, often found on sweaters and tops. In luxury fashion, turtlenecks are made from premium materials, providing warmth and sophistication, and are a staple in chic, minimalist wardrobes.


A tuxedo is a formal suit distinguished by satin or grosgrain lapels and a satin stripe along the trouser leg, traditionally worn for black-tie events. In the realm of high-end menswear, tuxedos are tailored to perfection, crafted from the finest fabrics, and embody the pinnacle of formal elegance.

Twill Weave

Twill weave is distinguished by its diagonal patterns, created by weaving weft yarns over and under warp yarns in a specific sequence. This technique results in a durable and versatile fabric with a distinctive texture, often used in high-end fashion for items such as tailored suits and denim.

Twin Set

A twin set consists of a matching cardigan and sleeveless sweater, often knitted from luxurious materials. In high-end fashion, twin sets are updated with contemporary designs and exquisite details, offering a timeless yet modern addition to a sophisticated wardrobe.



U-Shaped Neckline

A U-shaped neckline is a rounded neckline that dips down in the shape of the letter 'U', offering a flattering and versatile look. In luxury fashion, U-shaped necklines are often incorporated into elegant dresses and tops, crafted with precision and high-quality materials.


Uniforms are standardized outfits worn by members of an organization or group, signifying identity and unity. In high-end fashion, uniforms are reimagined with premium materials and tailored fits, elevating the concept to stylish, cohesive ensembles that reflect a brand's aesthetic and values.

Unpressed Pleats

Unpressed pleats are soft fabric folds that are not ironed flat, offering a relaxed and fluid appearance to garments. In luxury fashion, unpressed pleats add subtle texture and movement to high-end skirts and dresses, crafted with attention to detail and fine materials.


Utilitarian fashion focuses on practicality and functionality, often featuring durable materials and multipurpose designs. In high-end fashion, utilitarian elements are seamlessly integrated into luxurious garments, combining practicality with sophisticated style.




A valance is a short ornamental drapery or fabric border that is used to conceal structural fixtures, commonly seen at the tops of windows or on bed and table skirts. In fashion, valance-like details may add a decorative, ruffled element to garments, enhancing their aesthetic appeal with a touch of traditional elegance.

V-Shaped Neckline

A V-shaped neckline features a sharp, angular cut that resembles the letter 'V'. This neckline style is favored in high-end fashion for its ability to elongate the neck and add a sophisticated edge to dresses, blouses, and sweaters.


Variegated fabrics or yarns exhibit a variety of colors and shades, often creating a multi-tonal or patterned effect. In luxury textiles, variegated patterns are achieved through specialized dyeing techniques, adding depth and visual interest to high-end garments.

Vegan Leather

Vegan leather is an animal-friendly alternative to traditional leather, made from plant-based or synthetic materials. High-end vegan leather mimics the quality and texture of real leather, offering a sustainable choice for luxury fashion.


Velour is a plush, knitted fabric with a soft, velvety texture, similar to velvet but with more stretch. In high-end fashion, velour is often used for luxurious loungewear, evening wear, and accessories, offering comfort and opulence.


Velvet is a sumptuous fabric with a dense, soft pile and a distinctive smooth feel. In luxury fashion, velvet is revered for its rich texture and depth of color, making it a popular choice for elegant evening wear, sophisticated dresses, and opulent accessories.


A vent is a slit in the lower part of a garment, such as the back of a jacket or skirt, which allows for greater freedom of movement. In high-end fashion, vents are meticulously placed and constructed to enhance the garment's fit and functionality while maintaining a sleek silhouette.


Vintage fashion encompasses garments from a previous era or those that replicate styles from past decades. High-end vintage fashion is highly sought after for its craftsmanship, uniqueness, and historical significance, often serving as inspiration for contemporary designs.


Vogue signifies the prevailing style or trend in fashion at a given time. In the context of high-end fashion, 'vogue' reflects the cutting-edge designs, innovative concepts, and influential trends that define the luxury fashion industry.




A waistcoat is a sleeveless, upper-body garment traditionally worn over a dress shirt and under a suit jacket as part of men's formal attire. In luxury fashion, waistcoats are crafted from premium fabrics and often feature intricate details and tailored fits, elevating the sophistication of formal and semi-formal ensembles.

Warp Print

Warp printing involves dyeing the warp threads before weaving them into fabric, resulting in a blurred or impressionistic pattern on the final textile. In high-end fashion, warp printing is valued for its artistic quality and unique effect on luxury fabrics.

Watteau Back

A Watteau back features a pleated panel of fabric extending from the shoulders down the back of a gown, creating a graceful, flowing effect. This style, reminiscent of 18th-century French fashion, adds a touch of romantic elegance to high-end evening wear and bridal gowns.

Weave Types

Weave types refer to the various methods of interlacing warp and weft threads to create different textile patterns and textures. In luxury fashion, intricate weaves like jacquard, brocade, and damask are prized for their complexity and aesthetic appeal, often used in sophisticated garments and opulent textiles.

Weft Knits

Weft knits are fabrics produced with yarns running horizontally, interlocking to form a cohesive material. Known for their elasticity and comfort, weft knits include varieties such as jersey, velour, and fleece, making them ideal for a range of high-quality casual and sportswear.

Warp Knits

Warp knits involve vertically running yarns that interlock along the length of the fabric, resulting in a more stable and run-resistant textile. Fabrics such as tricots and raschel knits fall under this category, offering durability and the ability to create complex patterns, suitable for elegant and high-performing garments in luxury fashion.

Welt Pockets

Welt pockets are a type of pocket where the pocket opening is reinforced by a thin strip or 'welt' of fabric, offering a polished and seamless look. In high-end fashion, welt pockets are meticulously crafted to enhance the garment's sleek design while providing functionality.

Wide Leg

Wide-leg pants are characterized by their loose fit from the waist down, offering a comfortable and flattering silhouette. In luxury fashion, wide-leg trousers are tailored from exquisite fabrics and embody a sense of sophistication and timeless elegance.

Wife Beater

Wife beater is a colloquial term for a sleeveless, ribbed undershirt, traditionally white. In contemporary fashion, this style has been reinterpreted and elevated by designers into chic, high-end tank tops, utilizing luxury materials and innovative designs.

Wing Collars

Wing collars are a type of shirt collar where the points fold outwards, resembling wings, adding a sharp, formal touch to tuxedo shirts. In luxury menswear, wing collars are meticulously crafted to complement high-end evening wear and formal attire.


Wool is a natural fiber obtained from the fleece of sheep and other animals, renowned for its warmth, breathability, and versatility. In high-end fashion, wool is used to create luxurious garments, from finely tailored suits to soft, elegant knitwear, celebrated for its quality and comfort.




The X-Line silhouette emphasizes the waist, creating a visual balance between the shoulders and hips, reminiscent of an hourglass or the letter 'X'. This flattering shape is often employed in high-end fashion to accentuate feminine curves and achieve an elegant, timeless look.

X-Ray Fabric

X-ray fabric is a semi-transparent material that creates a sheer, ethereal effect in garments. High-end fashion designers use x-ray fabrics to add depth and intrigue to their creations, playing with transparency and layering.




Yarns are long, continuous strands of fibers spun together, used in the construction of textiles. In luxury fashion, yarns made from high-quality materials like silk, cashmere, and fine wool are valued for their superior texture, durability, and color richness, contributing to the creation of exquisite garments and fabrics.


Yarn-dyed fabric refers to textiles where the yarns are dyed before weaving, ensuring rich, long-lasting color. High-end yarn-dyed fabrics exhibit depth and vibrancy, used in premium garments that highlight color and pattern.


A yoke is a panel, often found at the upper part of garments such as shirts and dresses, that provides structure and design detail. In high-end fashion, yokes are intricately designed, often featuring embellishments, embroidery, or lacework, to add a distinctive touch to the garment.




The zeitgeist of a particular period refers to the dominant set of ideas, beliefs, and cultural trends that define that era. In the context of high-end fashion, designers often draw inspiration from the zeitgeist to create collections that reflect contemporary themes, attitudes, and aesthetics, resonating with the current cultural climate.


A zipper is a fastening device consisting of two strips of fabric with interlocking teeth, pulled together or apart by a sliding mechanism. In luxury fashion, zippers are not only functional but also an element of design, often customized or elaborately crafted to complement the garment's aesthetic.

Zipper Pull

A zipper pull is the part of the zipper that is grasped to open or close it, often designed with a decorative or branded element in high-end fashion. This component combines functionality with style, enhancing the overall design of the garment or accessory.

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